Creating a Japanese-style garden
A garden that reflects the universe
The artistic phenomenon, now called the Japanese garden, was formed around the beginning of the 10th century.
Today, this landscape style has a number of features that almost everyone will be able to list: the use of compositions of stones and pebbles, mosses, bamboo and flowering trees; obligatory presence of reservoirs with flowing or standing water.
Reasonableness and asymmetry of the composition, the obviousness of strict laws of harmony make it a true model of the universe.
The world of the monastery garden
Initially, the gardens in the Land of the Rising Sun were laid out at Shinto monasteries. That is why they have such a pronounced philosophical component. The life of the monks proceeded in prayer and contemplation, and the way they found to convey the sacred power of nature through symbolic gardens allowed them to expand the boundaries of the monastic territory to the size of the universe.
In their gardens, there were ponds behind which the Ocean stood, and hills that embody the beauty of all the mountain ranges of the planet. The monastery gardens were as important a part of the temple as all the other buildings of the monastery. The feelings that reigned in the soul of an oriental pilgrim who fell into a Shinto garden is akin to the thrill of a true Christian who came to the temple to pray.
The monks told about how to properly equip the garden in one of the first books on gardening art in the history of mankind - "Sakuteiki", which was published in the 11th century. Further evolution of the gardens was promoted by Buddhism. The asceticism of Buddhist philosophy gave rise to the art of a dry garden, where with the help of free-flowing natural materials (sand, gravel) and stones of various shapes and textures, exciting landscapes were created, in which one could see not only models of wildlife, but also a metaphorical story about the wanderings of the human soul, about the vicissitudes of life and, most importantly, how to overcome these obstacles.
Thus, the Buddhist garden posed questions and itself gave answers to them. Answers that were not categorical ... - one of the basic compositional principles of the Japanese garden - uncertainty - and at the same time were the only correct - evidence of this was the balance of all elements of the garden.
The oldest surviving dry garden is the Ryoanji Garden in Kyoto. Fifteen quite ordinary stones are divided into five groups, and according to one of the theories dating back to the Confucian teaching, they symbolize tigers with their cubs swimming across the river.
For a Buddhist monk, creating a dry composition is one of the Zen paths, full of contemplation and understanding of the nature of stones. Each stone has its own soul, its own life, each of them has its own metaphor.
To arrange them in the wrong way means to lie and thereby provoke the garden visitor to a false emotional response. Precisely because individuality is inherent in each stone, it is impossible to simply copy the creations of the masters of antiquity, as the author of "Sakuteika" warned about, recommending, when creating compositions, to rely primarily on one's own feelings.
Close to home
"Secular" Japanese gardens could formally be divided into small, from a few square meters, intended only for viewing, and into large, landscape, in which you could walk, admiring the change of compositions, running streams, skillfully made islands, bridges and stone pagodas ...
In addition to dry landscapes that have migrated to ordinary estates from monasteries, a landscape composition can become a Japanese garden, where the main character is water - the "garden of water"; somewhat less often you can find a "garden of mosses", built on the play of textures and shades of greenery of these ancient plants. Most often, home oriental gardens include stones, water, and green spaces. And here it is not the formal selection of elements that becomes important, but what the owner of the garden wanted to express by using certain materials.
The symbolism of the Japanese garden has become so perfected over the centuries that its language can be called universal. Many people understand without words that the stones in such a composition are the skeleton of the earth, and water is its blood; the stone symbolizes Yang - the masculine principle, clarity and firmness, water - Yin, the feminine essence of all phenomena, everything is dark, mysterious. Each of the plants has a semantic symbolism: bamboo - masculinity and stamina, pine - longevity, lotus - spiritual purity.
The basis of all plant compositions are evergreen trees and shrubs; for deciduous plants, not only their shape during the active growing season is taken into account, but also the color change depending on the season and how they look with loose leaves, since the garden should be enjoyable all year round. The number of flowers is limited - these are irises, daylilies, lotuses. The humid climate of the Land of the Rising Sun contributed to the growth in the gardens of various moisture-loving plants - mosses and ferns.
The most revered tree in the Japanese garden is pine, a favorite plant not only of Japanese gardeners, but also of poets:
Draws a pine tree with ink
In blue skies
Today, most often you can see pine trees with an artificially formed crown - garden bonsai. The Japanese have reached incredible heights in this art, and a beautifully shaped tree can become the basis of the entire composition of the garden.
Another indispensable inhabitant of oriental gardens is bamboo. This extremely fast growing herb, most often supplemented with ferns in compositions, is quite self-sufficient. Bamboo is grown, as a rule, in the form of a small grove, which serves as a resting place for its owners. Bamboo is useful even after it has outlived its life - in Japan it is customary to build fences, bridges, water pipes and a lot of other decorative elements of the garden from it. He is also a reliable sidewalk for tiny garden dwellers:
Evening shower -
Ants are hurrying to the ground
On the trunks of bamboo ...
It is impossible to imagine an oriental garden without flowering fruit trees. The Japanese have a special attitude towards cherry blossoms, under the branches of which everyone is able to feel both the value of human relations and eternal sadness:
There are no strangers between us!
We are all brothers to each other
Under the cherry blossoms.
* * *
A sad world!
Even when the cherries are blooming ...
In the composition of the plants of the oriental garden, great attention is paid to shades of greenery - the darker one is placed in the background, and the lighter one - in the foreground, creating a sense of the depth of the garden space. Trees form a kind of general picture and at the same time remain independent. The rhythmic alternation of the mass of foliage and free space is designed to give the viewer the impression of confrontation and harmony of the forces of Nature.
"Thoughts on the Distant"
A frog jumped into the water.
Splash in silence.
Water has always been a part of the Japanese garden. At the very beginning of the evolution of Japanese gardening art (VII-XII centuries), there was a Chinese model of a garden with a reservoir in the country: sufficiently large ponds and lakes were built in which it was possible to ride boats made in the shape of a dragon, thus moving through the entire garden.
Under the influence of Zen Buddhism, imitations of water spaces of stones and sand arose, as well as a tendency to value not so much the surface of the water as the dynamics of the stream and the sounds made by streams and waterfalls. The waterfalls of the Japanese garden can be simple and complex, multi-stage. The place for the waterfall is chosen with great care. They are almost always covered with vegetation, which makes the landscapes even more romantic.
Garden ponds in the eastern garden always have islands, one of which is considered paradise and does not connect to the shore. There are several types of islands: forest, mountain, rocky, with young pines on the sand. Favorite islands in Japan are the "turtle" island, symbolizing the desire for knowledge, and the "crane" island, which lifts the human spirit up.
In modern Japanese gardens, ponds are replaced by small stone pools of water, and sometimes there is not even room for them. Then this element of nature can be introduced into the composition of the garden in the form of a tsukubai - a stone bowl with water in the form of a barrel, in which hands were traditionally washed during the tea ceremony. In some cases, the tsukubai may be at ground level, but most often it is raised to a height of 20-30 cm. Usually, the tsukubai is placed on a low, flat area in front of a stone wall, hedge or in the center of the garden and is certainly illuminated with a stone lantern.
Another decorative element of the garden that has a lot to do with water is a thin aqueduct made of a hollow bamboo stalk, through which water runs. The Japanese name for this watercourse is shishi odoshi, which means "frightening deer" because it was originally invented by farmers for this very purpose. Most often, such structures are located at the edge of the pond.
The water supply in the Japanese garden is closed, a pump and a water supply system are used here, but all this is quite elementary, described in detail in the corresponding manuals and is familiar to any landscape architect. Do not be afraid of the difficulties of constructing a water supply system, since the result will delight you not only from the aesthetic side: in the feng shui system, water is an element that corresponds to money, and a properly located and regulated garden water system will certainly contribute to the prosperity of the house.
Symbols of eternity
Stones are the most stable garden design element in an oriental garden. It is they who create the look of the garden. Plants and trees come and go, and stones give the garden a sense of permanence.
In that tiny model of the universe, which is created during the construction of the eastern garden, the stone was originally intended to embody inaccessible peaks resting under the clouds. But gradually a real art of arranging stones arose - sute-ishi, through which you can depict any scenes and any elements of nature.
In a Japanese garden, stones are always placed diagonally. Untreated, natural stones are used most often; the most valuable are the specimens covered with rust or moss of brown, red or purple colors, less often - white.
Since the days of the greatest gardeners of antiquity, confident that the wrong arrangement of stones in dry gardens can change the fate of the garden's inhabitants for the worse, there are a number of rules that should be followed when creating compositions. For example, you should not take stones of a round or square shape; stones with the same weight, shape and mass must not be placed one after another.
Groups of stones should be located slightly away from the planted plants. The stones are placed on the surface or partially buried in the ground, sometimes obliquely, at an angle to the surface of the earth. The position of the stone must be stable - this should be monitored especially strictly. For the construction of paths, stones with one flat side are used (uneven ones are buried in the ground). The long axis of each stone should be perpendicular to the direction of the path.
Sand and fine gravel are widely used in Japanese gardens. They are placed in small areas of the garden, protected from the wind. Walking along dry streams on sandy "waves" is full of contemplation and poetry.
By the shadows of larch trees
I walk quietly.
As if in fragments
Your past life.
To create dry compositions, a layer of sand 5-6 cm thick is poured onto the rammed earth and a pattern is applied with a special rake, symbolizing most often waves or ripples in the water. The drawing is easily renewed, and the sand should be refilled periodically.
The stone elements of the garden include the lanterns so beloved by the people of the West, which were originally an element of the temple gardens of the East. As a rule, they are located at the bends of the garden path, at the edge of a reservoir, stream, or next to a bridge. For the manufacture of lanterns, various stones, wood or pumice are used.
For large gardens, pedestal lanterns (tachi-gata) are used, up to 1.5, and sometimes up to 3 m high; hidden lanterns (ikekomi-gata), the light from which is directed into the ground, they are most often located near the tsukubai (pond for washing hands); small lanterns (oki-gata) are usually placed at the edge of a pond, away from a path, or in a very small indoor garden; in addition, there are lanterns with a square or round roof, which have stone or concrete supports (yukimi-gata) at the base; they are most often installed near water bodies.
Japanese garden on Russian soil
The difference in climatic conditions makes its own adjustments to the layout of Japanese gardens in our country: many plants characteristic of the East simply cannot exist with us, and they have to look for a replacement.
The main plant of the eastern garden - pine - winters here. For this role, one of the types of mountain pine is most often taken Pinus muga mughus pumillio... A distinctive feature of this plant is the location of the ends of the branches at the same height. As a result, flat balls are formed that practically do not need a haircut. In addition, garden bonsai can be formed from Pinus silvestris, Pinus strobus (Weymouth pine); use almost all junipers for this purpose (for example, Juniperus horizontalis 'Prince of Walles', 'Wiltoni', 'Jad River', 'Rockery Jem', 'Blue cheap', 'Gray pearl'), threshing or tub plants, harvested for the winter in closed, well-lit rooms with low temperatures.
Wonderful Japanese maples (green Acer palmatum dissectum and scarlet A. p. dissectum atropurpurea) are unable to survive our winter, and for them there is also a "shell" wintering option. It is not easy to create conditions for wintering "street" tub plants; they cannot be placed in a winter garden, because the temperature of a winter garden, even a subtropical one, is too high for maples (ideal for them is +1 ... + 5 ° С). Therefore, sometimes landscape designers go to replace exotic plants with our usual plants. For example, maples can be successfully replaced by elderberry (Sambucus racemosa v. Plumosa or v. plumosa aurea), which, moreover, has a haircut - it looks a little worse than a "role model".
Bamboo is one of the indispensable plants of the oriental garden, which under no circumstances grows in the climate of Russia: it is present in our plots only as a building material for decorative trellises, fences and watercourses. With all the other flowers, trees and shrubs, the situation is somewhat simpler. So, the banks of the ponds can be decorated with irises and daylilies. Among the ferns, there are many species that winter in our area, including the bracken.
When planning to plant flowering fruit trees, you should first of all pay attention to zoned varieties, and, in addition, take into account all the subtleties in these matters. So, for example, the decorative Japanese quince is likely to freeze every winter for the entire length of the shoots that are located above the level of the snow cover, and the indicated design height of this plant of 1.5 m is unlikely to be achievable in practice. Ornamental shrubs, often found in oriental gardens, grow well in our country: rhododendrons and numerous varieties of spirea, including dwarf ones.
Adopting Japanese traditions, one should pay more attention to the thoroughness in the execution of projects, rather than the species list of plants. In addition, if we talk about modern Japan, then today's landscape design of this country makes great use of new technologies, introducing many modern materials, for example, ceramics and glass, into compositions.When undertaking to create a Japanese garden on your site, first of all, observe the balance of all elements, do not overload the space, try to hear the voice of every stone in your garden - and the garden, having grown, in gratitude, will certainly become a harmonious and cozy model of the Universe ...
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• Choice of style in the garden landscape
• Country style garden - rustic style
• How to create a Scandinavian style garden
• How to create a landscape garden
• Choosing the style of the garden - romantic, ceremonial, Roman, Spanish, Muslim, Chinese
N. Ivanova, biologist
Japanese style garden
Japanese-style walking garden
The Japanese-style walking garden is specially designed for those who enjoy long walks in the fresh air. The green vibrant landscape instills a sense of privacy in your own garden. It is often necessary to install drainage systems on the site. You can purchase surface drainage and soil strengthening systems from the Gidrolica company https://www.gidrolica.ru/. Such drainage systems are widely used in the improvement of private houses, cottages, commercial and administrative facilities. The company "Gidrolica" provides a full range of services, including design, delivery and installation.
A walking garden has been seen in Japan since the 17th century. The creation and maintenance of such a garden is quite expensive and therefore, in the past, only wealthy people were the happy owners of such gardens. The idea of a walking garden originated from government travel restrictions in medieval Japan. Often, such gardens were set up with miniature sights of other distant countries, which were recreated from the stories of pilgrims who were on religious trips.
The central component of the garden is a body of water, or in some cases a lake, around which a path is made. Along the way, bridges, benches and many other objects are created that attract attention during a walk. The path is usually made of bamboo. Attractions are selected according to your personal desires. It can be geological formations or poetic forms, in a word - anything! A walk in your garden will allow you to travel around the world, and not only in your own head.
Forest garden. Decorating a plot in a forest style
Forest garden. Decorating a plot in a forest style
Registration of the site in the form of a fragment of a forest or a small fishing line recognized as an original popular design solution. Therefore, today we will introduce you to the main nuances of the implementation of such an interesting idea as forest style garden.
The more trees, bushes and other greenery on the site, the cleaner the air and the faster you forget about the frantic pace of city life. Therefore, many summer residents dream of their own cool oasis - small forest.
Before moving on to the main questions, let's voice a common misconception: forest garden decoration Is a very difficult undertaking. Although, indeed, the closer the forest, the easier it is to bring our idea to life.
If you believe the experts who are familiar with the style we are considering firsthand, forest garden cannot be attributed to something fundamental. The more natural a forest garden looks, the more spectacular it is. In this case, you can use different plants.
A forest garden is like a garden built by time
Ideally, a forest garden is a kind of symbiosis of a natural picture and buildings. Of course, you can't do without placing accents. The strategy for arranging the garden in our case involves:
- landscaping the entire garden area
- using only wooden and stone decorative elements
- arrangement of secluded corners with a gazebo and benches
- rejection of any paving. (priority is given to winding, trodden paths or paths made of bulk materials)
- inclusion in the landscape of stone screening, crushed bark, red clay and other decorative soil
- lack of borders. (paths from the sides are more correct to highlight with ground covers
- using the greenery available on the site as a starting point when creating a style. (partners and counterweights are selected to the latter)
- creation of decorative accents in the form of landscape thickets. (that is, flower beds are not our option)
- the presence of at least one pond or stream.
On a flat area, a natural elevation, for example, in the form of an alpine slide, will be a good solution.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
About trees in the forest garden
The first step is to select tree species. In this case, it is quite possible to do without pretentious fashionable types. It is better to diversify the forest garden with birches, willows, bear nuts, ornamental maples. Do not forget about blooming stars, for example, Japanese magnolias (very demanding to care for), ornamental apple trees, sea buckthorn ...
The share of trees should account for at least 1/3 of the garden area. Another trick is the selection of one tree with the subsequent formation of groups, arrays from the rest of the tree crops.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Shrubs in the forest garden
In the undergrowth of imitation of a forest paradise, not grasses should dominate, but shrubs, showing their beauty in shaded places. We are talking about fieldfare, blackberries, raspberries, yews, irga, viburnum, siren, wild rose, varietal conifers. These plants are needed to add volume to the site, create a background for other crops and place vertical accents.
Nature itself says that it is better to ennoble the shores of the reservoir with willow, black alder, and marsh myrtle.
The simplicity of the style requires planting not spectacular, but simple-textured plants. Modest views are not boring. Perhaps everyone has seen the beauty of a solo viburnum bush or graceful arches of rose hips, pleasing to the eye with their color.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Forest garden plants as tone
The next secret of the successful implementation of the idea, which is based on the creation of a garden in the form of a forest, is the correct approach to the selection of plants. For our case, ferns will be the best solution.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
In order to give the garden forest motives and wild notes, you can plant a bracken, a kochedyzhnik. The following combination can be cited as a prime example: irises, carnations and ferns. This symbiosis of plants is 100% the guarantor of the forest character.
The list of plants that emphasize the forest style also consists of squat spreading shrubs, small flowers, multi-stemmed silhouettes.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Vines and herbaceous stars of the forest garden
When choosing favorites for the garden, the choice is better to stop at maiden grapes and ivy. No less interesting is the periwinkle, which is usually used to mask near-trunk circles and wastelands. As for the rest of the vines, buildings are ennobled with them. In places of rest, curly hydrangea is also spectacular.
Astilboides lamellar is perfectly combined with ferns - a plant that creates tiers in the forest composition.
Experts pay attention to rhubarb. Many designers recommend diversifying the garden with daylilies, lemon balm, mint, oregano, decorative cereals, loosestrife. Of the ground cover, the most suitable are tenacious, blue lungwort, spotted lamb.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
The garden will be refined with the planting of the mysterious and fickle aquilegia. Geraniums are used as luxurious accents. In the presence of stone compositions, the correct solution would be to supplement them with saxifrage.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Forest woods, corydalis, lilies of the valley, crocuses will add touching notes. The blooming parade will continue with bells, primroses, forget-me-nots and veronica. Against the background of dark green plants, the soft cuff will fit perfectly. It will "highlight" the composition no worse than white-flowering crops.
When decorating a forest-style garden, there is no need to create a continuous flowering relay. Flowering plants are used here as pastoral touches. Therefore, the basis of the range should be blue and white, with occasional splashes of pink and yellow.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Forest garden - no pretentious decorations
In the forest style, only those decorative elements that can emphasize the atmosphere of the wild will look appropriate. In the man-made forest there is a place for a broken jug, into which ivy shoots, figures of forest animals, cuts and logs instead of garden furniture managed to get through.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
It is important to understand that the forest garden is a ten-year project. For their gradual transformation, change does not require much effort. And if the vegetation is selected correctly, it is possible not to interfere with the life of the oasis at all. Only fruit trees, berry bushes and seasonal accents will require care.
Design of resting places with benches
The forest at the summer cottage is fashionable and beautiful. At the same time, even in a wild corner, cozy resting places will be required. Therefore, below we will talk about the nuances of decorating places with benches with plants.
1. The resting place should be secluded, minimally noticeable to prying eyes and maximally protected from the winds. This speaks of the rationality of installing a bench near a tree with a lush, spreading crown. Instead of the latter, a large shrub will also fit. In the absence of a canopy above the bench, large shrubs with openwork foliage will appear on its sides.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
Experienced gardeners organize recreation places among cultures with a beautiful silhouette - bean trees, colorful maples, lilac bushes, apple trees, cherries.
2. Allocation of wastelands behind benches for shrubs and lianas. In this case, the plants will become both protection and visual background. A beautiful back is obtained from sheared (buckthorn) or flowering (chubushnik) unpretentious shrubs. Guests will be pleasantly surprised by the arches behind the benches. A climbing rose is best suited for such garden decor elements.
3. A bench made of stone in combination with plantations of fern will look quite original.
Forest Style Garden Ideas
4. Planting on the sides of benches decorative deciduous and flowering perennials, namely hardy and unpretentious crops, including geranium, black cohosh, penstemon and other lilies, delphiniums, yarrows, perennial chrysanthemums, asters. The best decorative deciduous stars: ferns, cuffs, heuchera.
Regardless of the species, all plants are planted in the form of large hats, making the garden more memorable.
An interesting alternative to the flower garden by the shop is the pot garden. If there are openwork bushes on the sides and behind the back, it is quite enough to place a couple of flowerpots with flowering summer flowers on the sides. Of course, potted crops require special care, but you can constantly change the look of the flower bed, experimenting with the style and color scheme of the plants.
Accessories are rarely included in flower beds. The only exception is the game with lighting. A lantern or lamp will make the evening atmosphere more cozy and romantic.
Water fountains and Japanese-style garden
Typical Japanese water basin.
A stone pond in the shape of a coin in a Japanese-style garden.
Japanese-style garden in Portland.
How bamboo water fountains are made
Typical medium sized bamboo water fountain in Japanese garden style.
Small outdoor water fountains are important garden decorations for beautiful oriental garden designs and backyard landscaping ideas.
Here is a water garden, not like everyone else's! Bamboo is used to supply water and create trays, and the trickle ends in a small pond.
Bamboo structure design. The deer-chaser water fountains, in addition to their applied purpose, add the decorative function of water to the Japanese garden.
Shishi Odoshi - Deer Chaser Fountain made of bamboo sticks.
Here's how to make a Shishi Odoshi water fountain.
DIY bamboo water fountain: shishi odoshi basic sizes.
Take a bamboo stick, hang it between two logs (or other bamboo sticks!), Invisible magic of pipes and have a magnificent water fountain waterfall that will turn your site into a Japanese-style garden.
Probably everyone is attracted by the Japanese-style gardens, but few have seen the Japanese-style fountains in action. When a small trickle of water makes the bamboo bar sway and knock, frightening off the animals.
Thanks to Olga for clarifying the mechanism of the Japanese fountain for the readers.
How lovely! But we are not going to make at least the simplest fountain at the dacha. And already about my dream, a small pond with fish, I almost forgot. At least I'll see how other summer residents live.
What nice fountains, and the author did the right thing to use the pump. Otherwise, there is no water for such fountains. Although they are beautiful, they are gluttonous.
Alevtina, all the fountains that are installed in summer cottages have a closed circuit of water circulation. So they don't waste water!
Very interesting descriptions and applications. However, my opinion is that such accessories will only look appropriate in a true Japanese-style garden. Elsewhere it will look like a toy.
How I love Japanese-style fountains and gardens! Silence and serenity. And if planning and organizing a Japanese-style garden is a rather complicated undertaking, then everyone can make Japanese fountains. Here, even a detailed description is not required, everything is clear.
This is definitely Natalia, Japanese fountains and their structure is clear from the photographs given.
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It is believed that Japanese garden art is so unique that it is inaccessible to Europeans, so a real Japanese-style garden can only be created by Japanese masters and only in Japan. It is unlikely that such a categorical statement is true. The design of a garden in the Japanese style has a right to life on Russian soil, especially if the owners of the garden are creative people with a developed artistic taste. More often than not, the Japanese theme in the modern Russian garden serves as a source of inspiration, adjusting to the interests and practical needs of the modern family.
Japanese gardens are not like the ones that many of us are used to. There are no flower beds, flower beds, or straight paths. In the first place are stones and gravel, dwarf plants, bizarre streams and waterfalls. These gardens are special, mysterious, they affect a person with the beauty and perfection of forms, nuances of green, laconic artistic techniques.
The essence of the Japanese garden is in the harmony of three elements - stone, water and plants. The structure of a Japanese garden is determined by stones, the art of their arrangement is extremely important in creating a landscape. Stones and boulders are arranged asymmetrically, as is the case in nature. Over time, they become overgrown with moss, which makes them even more natural.
In Japanese gardens, there are few plants, they may not be at all, stones, pebbles and gravel are their main characters. Japanese wisdom says: "There can be a garden without flowers, but there cannot be a garden without stones." Each stone is selected in shape, texture, color, installed on the surface or partially buried in the ground, sometimes obliquely, at an angle to the surface of the earth, organically blending into the landscape.
See the Japanese-style garden in the photos that are offered on this page:
The Japanese have always been famous for their love of nature and their sense of beauty. Traditional Japanese garden Is a real work of art that helps a person find peace of mind. It is quite possible to create a Japanese garden with your own hands if you know the basic canons of its organization.
Start creating a Japanese-style garden with a project. The Japanese garden embodies the harmony of the three elements - stone, water and plants, so all of them should be represented in your project. When developing a project, the shape, size, landscape and purpose of the site on which you will set up a Japanese garden are taken into account. A traditional Japanese garden consists of two parts, one of which is the main one. Plants are planted in the main part of the garden, while the second remains relatively free - this allows you to play in contrast.
The foundation of the garden is stones, No wonder the Japanese-style garden is also called the Japanese rock garden. They determine its structure, and the creation of a composition from stones is considered a real art. The stones are placed diagonally, from left to right. The composition traditionally consists of an odd number of stones. For the Japanese garden, raw stones of different shades are used, over time they are covered with moss and more organically fit into the landscape. Stones in a traditional Japanese garden symbolize endurance and strength.
The second essential element of a traditional Japanese garden is water. Waterfalls, streams and ponds add volume and dynamism to the space, and small bridges are invariably pleasing to the eye. If you do not have the opportunity to equip a real pond in a Japanese garden, do not be discouraged - the water can be replaced with sand or small pebbles. With the help of pebbles, you can simulate a calm, unhurried stream, and a stormy mountain stream. A platform filled with sand with drawn wavy lines will serve as a good alternative to a pond.
The Japanese garden is dominated by evergreens, both coniferous and deciduous. Pine (a symbol of longevity), magnolia, camellia, rhododendron are loved by the Japanese. They try not to plant brightly flowering perennials, because the main task of a Japanese garden is to calm a person down, give him peace of mind, and colored spots on a calm green background do not contribute to this. Plants are planted in such a way that every season there is something to admire in the garden. One plant fades and another blooms. Low-growing shrubs are popular in the Japanese garden, but tall trees are also planted - pine, sakura, plum, maple.
Important decorative elements of the Japanese-style garden are stone paths. To create a path, stones, flat on one side and protruding on the other, are buried in the ground with the flat side up. Also in the Japanese garden there is always a place for stone lanterns (gata), consisting of several tiers of towers (pagodas) and stone bowls of water (tsukubai). Fencing the site with bamboo hedges. The boundaries of a Japanese garden should not be geometrically clear, but smooth and natural.
The traditional Japanese garden is built on the principle of asymmetry, it should be as close to the natural landscape as possible. Perfection in this case consists of little things, and even the most ordinary-looking flower plays its role. The landscapes of the Japanese garden are always symbolic and plot. All elements are harmoniously combined with each other, complementing and shading each other.
Of course, in our conditions it is difficult to set up a real Japanese garden in compliance with all the canons. But is it really necessary? The main task of a Japanese-style garden is to please the eyes and soul of a person. Just find a calm and quiet corner in your garden and decorate it as your heart tells you, stylizing it as the landscape of the Land of the Rising Sun.
Should you arrange a Japanese garden in central Russia? Before you answer this question, you need to think carefully about whether you need it. After all, any garden should first of all suit your family, correspond to its lifestyle.
Warehouse of character and way of life. If on weekends and holidays you usually spend time at the dacha surrounded by many friends and relatives listening to songs and barbecue, then you should not do a Japanese garden - it is not intended for this at all. The ascetic Japanese gazebo is absolutely not suitable for feasts. And the main thing in such a garden is a landscape that serves for passive contemplation. Indeed, the philosophy of the Japanese garden is based on the idea of recreating a natural landscape in miniature, designed to show the power of nature and its divine incorruptibility.
Attitude towards plants. You should also abandon the idea of creating a Japanese-style garden if you are an enthusiastic florist who loves bright colors: he is simply contraindicated for you. The color scheme of Japanese gardens is very restrained, it is dominated by green, "diluted" only with the spring sakura blossom and the bright autumn foliage of maples. There are very few perennials - mainly trees and shrubs. And, therefore, lovers of phlox and roses, as they say, please do not worry. If for a European gardener or designer the main thing in a garden is still plants, it does not matter whether they are clipped for a regular garden or freely growing for a landscape garden, then the Japanese have different priorities. They create a world in miniature, where all the elements of nature are certainly present: stone, water and vegetation. Pay attention - she is in last place.
The ability to provide care. The Japanese garden is very picky about its owner. He must always be in perfect condition. There can be no question of slight neglect or elegant negligence of the landscape garden. So the Japanese corner is not suitable for those who take care of the site from time to time, when there is a free minute and the right mood happens. Although Japanese gardens are minimalistic, they require the utmost care.