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Grapes Nadezhda AZOS: one of the best achievements of the Anapa zonal experimental station

Grapes Nadezhda AZOS: one of the best achievements of the Anapa zonal experimental station


Experienced growers and novices alike want an unpretentious variety with excellent taste in their collection. These include grapes Nadezhda AZOS. Undemanding to growing conditions, it is suitable for a small garden and for a farm.

Variety history

The grapes of the Nadezhda AZOS variety can be called one of the best achievements of the Anapa zonal experimental station. Famous grape varieties Cardinal and Moldova served as parental forms for the future record holder. The time of creation of new items falls on the middle of the 60s of the XX century. Included in the State Register in 1998. The author of the variety is N.N. Apalkova.

Nadezhda AZOS is approved for cultivation in the North Caucasus region, which includes Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, Rostov Region, the republics of Adygea, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Crimea, North Ossetia, Chechnya.

Grapes of the Nadezhda AZOS variety - one of the achievements of the breeders of the Anapa ZOS

Video: grape varieties Nadezhda AZOS

Description

The trunk of the bush is strong and thick. Shoots can reach a length of 3 m. Their fertility ranges from 75 to 90%. The bush looks attractive thanks to its large leaves. The five-lobed green leaf has a dense arachnoid pubescence below. Flowers are bisexual. The bunch of grapes is large, loose, broadly conical in shape. Average weight - 0.5 kg.

A bunch of grapes of the Nadezhda AZOS variety is a little loose, but large

The berry is dark blue, almost black, elongated oval, rather large - 6.2 g. The juicy fleshy pulp is covered with a dense skin with a waxy coating. The peel is not sour. The taste is very pleasant, tasters rate it 8.2 points. The content of sugar and acid in berries can be called almost balanced: sugar content - 14.4%, acidity - 10.2%.

Dark grapes are considered the healthiest, although they lower blood iron levels. The berries of the Nadezhda AZOS variety are an excellent prevention of cardiovascular diseases, reduce the risk of developing cancer, strengthen the immune system, and improve the condition in case of respiratory diseases.

Dark grapes are considered the most healthy and low-calorie

Characteristic

Features distinguishing Nadezhda AZOS grapes from other varieties:

  • grapes Nadezhda AZOS belongs to table varieties. It is preferable to use it fresh. Not intended for winemaking;
  • fruiting is stable, increasing over the years. The average yield is 80 c / ha, the maximum is almost 2 times higher - 153 c / ha;
  • grapes of medium ripening. From the moment when the kidneys burst, 125–130 days pass before the onset of technical ripeness;
  • grapes bloom in mid or late May. The harvest ripens at the end of summer. The berries do not crumble and can hang until the first frost without changing the taste;
  • unpretentious, tolerates dry periods;
  • frost resistance is average. The bush can withstand temperatures as low as -22aboutFROM;
  • resistant to a number of diseases, not susceptible to mildew, powdery mildew. Medium resistant to gray mold;
  • due to its high taste and marketability, it is one of the best commercial varieties;
  • Nadezhda AZOS strikes with early maturity - with proper care, you can harvest the crop as early as the next year after planting. But experienced growers recommend pruning the early ovary so that the grape root system can develop well;
  • Nadezhda AZOS is quite aggressive towards neighbors and does not get along well with other varieties. Exceptions are Codreanka and Moldova;
  • cuttings root poorly;
  • the overload of the bushes with the harvest is possible, the vine breaks under the weight of the bunches;
  • under unfavorable weather conditions it is poorly pollinated, the berries grow small, and the brushes are loose.

Nadezhda AZOS grapes have good characteristics that make it a popular variety.

Grapes Nadezhda AZOS can be grown on a trellis, used as a plant for landscape design. Due to its high growth, it is often planted as an arbor or arched culture.

Table: advantages and disadvantages

Landing features

Nadezhda AZOS is a non-capricious plant that does not require special care or conditions. But there are some nuances that need to be considered.

Pick-up location

For the plant, choose the sunniest areas, open on the south side and protected from the north and northeast. Good lighting is essential as the vines grow very quickly and the lack of light greatly inhibits the process.

The sun is a growth generator for grapes

Buildings, fences, dense plantings of ornamental plants can serve as protection from winds. In winter, they contribute to the retention of snow on the site.

It is a good idea to plant grapes at some distance from the walls of houses or other stone buildings, facing the southeast or southwest. Heating up during the day, they give off heat to the plant at night, creating the most comfortable conditions for it.

It is advisable to hide grape seedlings from the north wind behind a fence or building

In relation to the soil, the variety is unpretentious. It can grow on black soil, sandstone or loam. They warm up quickly and provide good moisture and oxygen access to the roots.

Swampy, saline, too stony soils, places with rocky outcrops at a depth of less than 1 m to the surface are unsuitable for growing grapes.

Before planting a bush, the place must be tidied up:

  1. Cut down bushes, remove stones, fill holes.
  2. On clay soils, continuous or strip plantation is carried out, that is, deep cultivation of the soil with loosening to a depth of 70 to 100 cm.
  3. If the soil on the site is sufficiently loose and permeable, then planting is carried out directly into the dug holes.
  4. To improve the physical properties of heavy clay soils, crushed stone, sand, humus, and manure are used. If the pit is being prepared just before planting, then only well-rotted organic matter should be introduced into the ground, thoroughly mixing it with the soil.

Before planting grapes, the site is carefully prepared

Boarding time

For the Nadezhda AZOS variety, it is very important to plant at the right time. Since the cuttings root worse than other varieties, planting is carried out only in the spring, regardless of the region. True, the beginning of work shifts a little depending on the climatic features. In the southern regions, the soil has time to warm up by the beginning of May; in cooler places, planting can be postponed to the middle or end of the month. The process will be successful if the air temperature does not drop below 15aboutC, and the soil warmed up to 10aboutFROM.

In order for the grapes to start growing faster after planting, the water for irrigation must be warm.

Landing pit

The planting hole is prepared in the fall or early winter (in the southern regions).

  1. The grape pit is impressive in size. You need to go deeper into the ground by at least 80 cm, length and width - 1 m.
  2. Set the top fertile layer aside immediately. After the pit has been dug, proceed to the preparation of the ground mixture for filling. The basis for the nutrient mixture is organic matter - about 15–20 kg, add a bucket of coarse sand, a shovel of ash and horse soil there. From mineral fertilizers, you will need 150-300 g of superphosphate, 100-200 g of potassium salt (if there is no ash), 30-40 g of ammonium nitrate. Place a drainage layer on the bottom of the pit if the ground is heavy. Top up with soil mixture and water abundantly.

    The planting pit for grapes is large

  3. Some growers on the south side of the pit stick a piece of plastic pipe with a diameter of 10-15 cm into the drainage to water the plant. Its end should be 5-10 cm higher than the planting level.

    In order for the water to reach the roots, special irrigation pipes are used.

Sapling selection

For an experienced grower, distinguishing a good seedling from a bad work will not be:

  1. 1-2 year old bushes are the most viable. Young plants are easier to tolerate the process of planting and adaptation to new conditions. The length of the seedling is not less than 30-40 cm.
  2. A normal root system should consist of at least 3-4 branches. They should be elastic and thick. Thin and dry roots do not guarantee good survival.

    The presence of a branched root system in a grape seedling is a good indicator of the health of the bush.

  3. The trunk should be flat, without thickening and sagging, the bark should be free from scratches or other damage. If you scratch it slightly, you can see healthy green wood.
  4. A normal and healthy seedling should have at least one vine, but not too thin.

    A grape seedling can have 1 or 2 vines

Landing

Remove some of the soil from the previously prepared hole. It is advisable to collect the rest with a slide at the bottom of the pit.

  1. Place the plant in the center and straighten the roots. Make sure that there are no voids under the heel of the seedling.
  2. Cover the roots with earth, tamp them well and pour 2 buckets of water.
  3. After planting the seedling, the place of one-year growth (root collar) should be below the soil level.
  4. For a garter of green shoots, a support is fixed next to the seedling.

If a seedling is planted near a building, it is installed slightly at an angle, with the top towards the wall.

Video: spring planting of grapes

Nuances of care

For the full development and formation of the harvest, Nadezhda AZOS grapes need timely care.

Watering and mulching

An adult mature bush of grapes Nadezhda AZOS does not need additional watering, except for too hot periods when the soil dries out quickly. During the growing season, 3-4 waterings are considered the norm, which are carried out:

  • after removing the winter shelter;
  • a week before flowering;
  • immediately after flowering;
  • while pouring the fruit.

The first watering in a volume of 200 liters under the bush helps to activate the growth of the green mass. In the future, the bushes are watered with warm water (20-25aboutC) normally 15–20 liters under a bush (when watering through a drainage pipe). If moistening is carried out by the trench method, then the amount of moisture is doubled or tripled.

In the fall, in the absence of precipitation, water-charging irrigation (200 liters) is also carried out so that the plant can calmly survive the cold.

Drainage uses less water

The situation is different with seedlings. For the first time after spring planting, they need very good watering so that the root system can form normally. Moisturizing schedule - once a week. After 30 days, the frequency of watering is reduced to 2 times a month. This regime is adhered to until the end of August.

In the summer, the grapes are watered early in the morning or in the evening.

After watering, it is necessary to thoroughly loosen the soil surface, breaking the formed crust. In order not to carry out constant loosening in the future, as well as to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture, mulch is used. Sawdust, straw, dry leaves have proven themselves well in this capacity.

Mulch not only conserves moisture, but also helps to keep the soil clean

Top dressing

If, in preparation for planting work, all the necessary nutrients were included in the soil, then within 2 years the plant actively uses them and does not need additional feeding. But adult bushes actively absorb trace elements from the soil for development, so fertilization should become an annual process.

Table: making root dressings

No less important is the introduction of nutrition by the foliar method. When preparing a solution, mineral fertilizer is diluted with plenty of water. Spraying is carried out in the afternoon so as not to burn the leaves.

For feeding grapes, minerals and organics are of no small importance.

Pruning and shaping the bush

The procedure helps a young plant to form faster and start bearing fruit. Pruning mature grapes makes it easier to care for them, helps to increase the yield and improve the quality of the berries.

In the southern regions, where the winter is not too harsh, pruning is carried out in the fall, 3 weeks after the leaves fall. Sap flow during this period stops and the grapes are not threatened with the loss of important nutrients, and the wounds heal faster. Autumn pruning is more suitable for Nadezhda AZOS, since the variety is grown in mild climatic conditions.

For a bush, the best option for forming would be a one-shoulder cordon on a trunk 1.10–1.20 m high with freely hanging vines. The grapes of this variety are prone to crop overload, therefore, when pruning, about 25 shoots are left on the bush with about 40 eyes on them. With a short cut of 2-4 eyes, the grapes are much larger.

Video: about cutting a horizontal cordon in winter

Garter

The most effective way of tying grapes for Nadezhda AZOS grapes is a trellis. The simplest design is a single-plane trellis. It is mounted quite quickly and requires a minimum of costs. For the construction you will need:

  • 4 supports - pillars or pipes;
  • 15 m of strong wire;
  • 4 crossbeams 0.75 m long;
  • cement mortar.

The work plan consists of the following stages:

  1. Dig holes along the diameter of the supports. Their depth should be about 80 cm.The distance between the pits is 3 m.
  2. Pour sand at the bottom with a layer of 20 cm.
  3. For the stability of the support, fix the thrust bearing on its base.
  4. After installing the support, the foundation is cemented.
  5. To impart strength to the structure, the crossbeams are stuffed on top.
  6. When the foundation is frozen, fix the wire. The first row should be 40 cm from the soil surface, the rest - 45 cm higher relative to each other.

Growing grapes on a trellis is convenient and practical

Shelter for the winter

Frost resistance of Nadezhda AZOS can be called average. Therefore, in the cultivation areas of the variety, where the temperature during the cold period can drop below 22aboutC, the bush needs to be covered for the winter. For this, trenches are dug, which are lined with straw or spruce branches. Pruned vines are laid in them. Iron brackets are dug in along the width of the trench, and a thick plastic film is laid on top. They fix it so that the polyethylene does not touch the bush. Along the perimeter of the shelter, the film is covered with a layer of earth so that the wind does not rip it off.

The shelter is removed only after the snow has completely melted. It is advisable to do this on a cloudy day or in the evening so that the sun does not burn the bark.

In regions where winters are not very harsh, there is no need to build such a shelter. But be sure to insulate the roots with a layer of mulch or earth.

In regions with cold winters for Nadezha AZOS grapes it is necessary to build shelters

How to deal with diseases and pests

Nadezhda AZOS grapes are valued for their excellent resistance to fungal diseases. But disease prevention must be carried out without fail. And if the first signs of infection appear, act immediately so that the disease does not have time to spread.

Table: possible diseases and pests

Photo gallery: by what signs to recognize diseases and pests

Harvesting and storage

Nadezhda AZOS grapes ripen in late August - early September. Weighty bunches are removed with a secateurs. You need to harvest in dry weather. If it rained the day before, wait until the grape bumps are completely dry, otherwise they will start to deteriorate.

If the grapes are planned to be stored in boxes, then the bottom of the container is lined with a clean cloth or paper. The brushes are laid out with the stalk upwards in one layer. The grapes are stored in this way from 1.5 to 2 months. The disadvantage of this method is that you need to periodically check the berries for rot.The best option for storage would be refrigerators with temperatures from -1 to 2aboutWith and humidity 90–95%.

You can store brushes by hanging them on a stretched wire. The room must be cool and ventilated.

You can store grapes by hanging the bunches on a stretched wire

Testimonials

Grapes Nadezhda AZOS grows beautifully on a trellis, they are used to decorate a gazebo or an arch in a private house. And when it's time to harvest, you can enjoy the delicious flavor of the juicy berries. Knowledge of the nuances of planting and caring for the variety will allow even novice winegrowers to grow it.

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Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.

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The variety owes its appearance to Apalkova Nadezhda Nikitichna. Thanks to her efforts in 1963-1965, the variety Nadezhda Azos was born, which is popular to this day. The popular at that time varieties Cardinal and Moldova served as a basis. From them the grapes received their productivity and unpretentiousness in cultivation.

The description of the variety Nadezhda Azos can be characterized by the following features:

  • has a pleasant, mild taste, with a slight hint of sourness
  • table grape
  • the flowers growing on the bush have both pistils and stamens. No other crops are required to pollinate the bush
  • protected from pathogens and insect pests
  • unpretentious to weather conditions
  • ripening period - medium
  • suitable for preparation of preparations for the winter, juices and wine.


The cultivation of this variety basically does not differ from the generally accepted technology. However, there are some aspects of care and planting that you need to be aware of. Indeed, the success of growing the above-mentioned variety largely depends on this.

Growing conditions

The grape Nadezhda Azos is very unique in the sense that it grows and develops quite normally in various soil conditions. This grape can give stable yields both on fertile (black soil) soils and on poor soils (clay and sandy soils). The root system, with timely loosening of the soil around the bush, is capable of developing even in clay and rocky areas. In addition to soil, the variety can thrive under the following growing conditions:

  • Sufficient and uniform illumination of the vines throughout the entire sunny day. To achieve this, it is necessary to plant the variety taking into account the recommended planting scheme and at some distance from high-rise buildings and other shading objects.
  • Plot without perennial weeds (wheatgrass, sow thistle, spurge) and a small number of annuals (squid, chicken millet, white gauze).
  • The soil should have a moisture content of no more than 41-42%. To do this, you need to take into account the location of groundwater and the possibility of flooding the grape bush with spring melt water and heavy rains.
  • It is recommended to place the variety in open areas located on the southwestern and southern slopes.
  • It is imperative to choose a site that provides reliable protection from gusty northerly and northeasterly winds.

Required soil

The variety reacts very strongly to the quality of soil cultivation. Tillage should be done as follows:

  • In order to exclude soil freezing in winter and drying out in summer, it is necessary to plant grapes in such a way that the root system is located at a depth of 63-70 cm. Therefore, soil cultivation in the place of future grape growing should be carried out exactly at such a depth.
  • Tillage is carried out in the fall a few weeks before planting the grapes.
  • Taking into account the planting scheme, a pit is prepared with a depth of 64-70 and a width of 56-60 cm. The excavated soil is immediately divided into a fertile and a poor fraction.
  • Weeding of the soil around the planting pit is carried out regularly to suppress or completely destroy weeds. The depth of weeding depends on the tool used and can vary from 2 to 7 cm.
  • If a lot of sow thistle, wheatgrass or other representatives of perennial weeds grows on a plot prepared for planting, then it makes sense to use Roundup, Hurricane and Tornado herbicides against them.

The main purpose of soil cultivation is to create the best conditions for the survival and subsequent growth of a grape seedling. To do this, correct soil cultivation should help reduce weeds, loosen the soil and create a fine lumpy layer on its surface.

Sapling selection

High yields of this variety can be obtained using only high-quality seedlings with the following characteristics:

  • The seedling must not be more than two years old.
  • The surface of the seedling must be exceptionally healthy without fungal and other diseases.
  • It is unacceptable to find such pests as phylloxera or spider mites on the seedling.
  • The roots of the seedling should be well branched with several large and many small roots.
  • The aboveground part of the seedling and especially the root system should not be overdried.
  • The seedling must have at least 3 viable eyes.

In order for a grape seedling to quickly take root in a new place and start growing, it is necessary to perform the following work a day before planting:

  • With the help of a pruner, the tips of the roots and shoots are cut by 1-1.6 cm.
  • Tear off all the leaves on the seedling in order to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the plant.
  • The roots are soaked for 5-7 hours in an aqueous solution with the addition of 1-2 ml. the drug Kornevin or 11-13 ml. preparation Energen aqua for 8-9.3 liters. water.

Landing time and method

Planting a variety on a new growing site is carried out in the fall. The best time is September - first half of October. Spring planting is risky as it can cause the seedling to dry out during the hot summer. All work on planting a seedling can be divided into the following stages:

  • A 20 cm layer of crushed stone or gravel should be placed in a pre-prepared planting pit to create a normal drainage layer.
  • In order to increase the supply of nutrients and provide the seedling with all nutrients for several seasons, it is recommended to add 7-8.4 kg to the pit. rotted manure mixed with the same amount of black soil.
  • The pit is filled with 23-30 liters. water and wait for it to be completely absorbed.
  • The seedling must be placed in the center of the hole and, with the root system directed in different directions, it must be covered with loose and fertile soil.
  • The aboveground part of the seedling after planting should be 30% below the soil level.

Watering bushes

Watering has a positive effect on the condition and growth of the grape bush. Therefore, to accelerate the growth of fruit vines and the root system of grapes, it is necessary to irrigate in the following order:

  • From April to May, the grapes need to be watered no more than once a month. At this time, the bush needs to be watered 26-34 liters. water.
  • During the summer, you need to water the grapes more often. Therefore, in a month you need to carry out at least two waterings in the amount of 36-40 liters. water.
  • Watering should be stopped two weeks before the fruits ripen to protect the berries from unwanted cracking.
  • If the autumn is dry enough, then there is a need for one water-charging irrigation. To do this, spend at least 40-54 liters per bush. water.

After watering, it is very important to keep moisture in the soil from excessive evaporation. For this, it is recommended to use mulching material (sawdust, straw, sunflower husks) or to carry out shallow surface loosening of the soil as soon as it dries up a little.

Weeding and loosening the soil

Particular attention must be paid to the timely removal of weeds around the grape bush while simultaneously loosening the soil. The importance of weed control is explained by the fact that they grow rather quickly and can inhibit the growth of grapes in the first 2-3 seasons. For fast and high-quality destruction of weeds, it is very important not to let them take root. Therefore, weeding should be carried out as soon as the first shoots of weeds appear on the surface. The loosening depth can vary between 3-8 cm.

Top dressing

The variety must be fed periodically throughout the development of the grape bush:

  • During the active growth of shoots, the bush must be fed with crushed nitroammophos in a dosage of 17-19 g per 8.4-9.6 liters. water. From 6 to 9 liters are poured under 1 bush. such a solution.
  • During the flowering phase, it is necessary to fertilize the soil around the grape bush with a liquid mullein (3.4-6-5 liters per bush) and spray the leaves with a boron solution to increase the berry setting.
  • During the active growth of the set fruits, the variety requires foliar feeding with the complex fertilizer Energen aqua (13-16 ml per 9.3-10 liters of water) and the growth regulator Pennant (11-13 ml per 7.2-8 liters of water) ...
  • During the ripening of the fruits, to increase their sugar content, it is necessary to spray the leaves and vines with a solution containing potassium and phosphorus fertilizers (Plantafol).

Pruning bushes

The main purpose of pruning this variety is to create and maintain in good condition the aerial part of the bush, which contributes to better air ventilation and an improvement in the illumination regime of fruit-bearing vines. Pruning is done as follows:

  • Only those shoots are left that are placed on a two-year-old vine.
  • Remove shoots or vines damaged by frost, pests and diseases.
  • Fatty, as well as underdeveloped thin shoots are removed.
  • The highly elongated sleeves are shortened.
  • Vines on a fruiting knot leave 3-4 eyes.
  • The main pruning is carried out after the end of the sap flow of the grapes using a sharp pruner.

Pest control

The only drawback of the variety is the strong damage to the bunches by wasps. But if you apply a set of measures in time, then this problem can be easily solved. Leading growers recommend the following ways to deal with the aforementioned pests:

  • Finding and destroying hornets' nests.
  • The use of traps with sweet baits (jam) from which the wasp cannot get out.
  • Using poisoned baits.
  • Growing certain plants (parsley, mint) around grapes that wasps don't like.
  • The use of smoke bombs and protective bags made of dense matter.

Tying whips

For the Nadezhda Azos variety, it is necessary to have pre-created trellises for carrying out the garter. Such trellises are very important because without them the vine will drag along the surface of the soil, and at the same time it will be affected by diseases. In addition, a vine without a garter grows slowly and does not ripen well. For the variety, a gable trellis with a height of at least 2.6-3 m is better suited. Across the supports, it is necessary to pull tiers of strong wire at intervals of 46-50 cm.

Pest control

Phylloxera and leafworm are especially dangerous pests for the variety.
Phyloxera is especially dangerous when it is located on the roots of grapes. The larvae are oval, lemon-colored. Up to 8 generations of this pest can come out per season. The larvae feed on the tissues of the roots of grapes, which leads to the formation of blockages and further decay of the roots. Control measures:

  • Planting healthy grape seedlings:
  • Spraying roots before planting with insecticides.

Three types of leaf rollers can infect grapes: biennial, grape and grape. The most harmful is the bunchy form of the leafworm, which can damage unripe berries, flowers and buds. The adult has the shape of a butterfly with brownish front wings. The pest gives no more than three generations per season and hibernates under the bark in the pupa stage. Control measures:

  • Three times spraying of grape leaves with insecticides Fozalon, Ambush, Chlorofos.
  • The use of biological drugs Dendrobacillin, Lepidocid and Entobacterin.

Harvesting

The variety ripens in August and should be harvested according to the following recommendations:

  • It is better to pick berries in dry and sunny weather, when the air temperature is + 17 + 22 degrees.
  • Cutting the bunches is carried out using a sharp knife or secateurs.
  • Only ripe, healthy and pest-free bunches are harvested.
  • The harvested crop must be laid out in boxes, the bottom of which is covered with straw or grape leaves.


Variety characteristic

The task of the author of the variety "Nadezhda AZOS" was to breed a shrub that does not require special care, high-yielding, with excellent gastronomic and biological characteristics of berries.

Drought resistance, frost resistance

Grapes "Nadezhda AZOS" are of average drought resistance, without watering they can do no more than 14 days. Lack of moisture affects the vegetation, flavor and size of the berries. The variety does not differ in high frost resistance, it can withstand a drop to -22 ° C, if the temperature is lower, the young culture needs shelter. Shrubs over 3 years old with a powerful root system in case of freezing, completely recover in spring.

Productivity and fruiting

According to the description of the grape variety "Nadezhda AZOS", provided by the originator, grapes begin to bear fruit from the second year, with each season the yield increases, the peak of fruiting falls on 4-6 years of the plant's growing season. Mid-season variety, berries of technical maturity reach 135 days after bud break. Flowering begins in mid-May, harvesting at the end of August.

The variety retains the integrity of fruits and brushes until frost, without changing the taste characteristics. On average, 31 kg of berries are harvested from one adult plant. The main vines and young shoots bear fruit, the yield indicator is 85% of all ovaries.

The amount of the harvest is influenced by the rainy summer. A humid climate becomes an obstacle to self-pollination. From an excess of moisture, part of the berries bursts, the other part is much less than the generally accepted varietal norms, round in shape (pea). The taste of ripe fruits is sweet, with a slight sourness. Under unfavorable weather conditions for the grapes "Nadezhda AZOS", the taste is dominated by acid. The variety feels comfortable in direct sunlight, sweet berries are not prone to baking from ultraviolet radiation.

Scope of the fruit

The grape variety "Nadezhda AZOS" is grown in home gardens and farms. Berries are consumed fresh, practically not used for making wines. In large areas, they are cultivated for sale, the grapes are well preserved after harvest and are safely transported to trading bases at any distance. At home, compotes, jams, juice are prepared from the "Nadezhda AZOS" variety. When dry frozen, the appearance and taste remain unchanged, which is why this storage method is popular.

Disease and pest resistance

Grape "Nadezhda AZOS" is a hybrid variety, which was bred taking into account immunity against most fungal and bacterial diseases. The variety is affected by pests, like other representatives of the species. If you take preventive measures against pests in advance (in early spring), the plant will get rid of parasites for the entire growing season.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Grapes "Nadezhda AZOS", according to gardeners, has a lot of advantages, against the background of minor flaws.

weak pollination in rainy weather

good immunity against infection and pests

high humidity causes cracking of berries, peas

the variety belongs to high-yielding

poor rooting of planting material

taking into account the recommended growing regions, tolerates low temperatures and drought well

has an aesthetic appearance, good taste and aroma

Due to its taste characteristics, good transport tolerance, shelf life, the variety is suitable for commercial cultivation.


Transportation

The grapes have high commercial and transportable qualities.The berries have thick walls, so they are easy to transport. During the ripening of Nadezhda AZOS, it is necessary to pay attention to the weather conditions. After heavy rains, the berries may crack.

Transport in boxes no more than 10 bunches. Between them, interlayers of cotton wool are made, and the bottom of the container is reinforced with soft materials.

His original photos and descriptions can be seen among the varieties of the golden fund of Soviet grapes. It was created in the years when the best varieties were bred, and it can be safely used both in industry and for an amateur garden. If growing grapes is a hobby, then it is interesting to combine the original of the Nadezhda AZOS variety with Codreanka and Moldova.


Watch the video: Сорт винограда Надежда АЗОС - сезон 2019 # Grape sort Nadezhda AZOS